For the last NASA rover to land on Mars since last February, the successes follow each other. NASA has released a new first announcement: it has created oxygen using elements available on the on-board instrument site.
If men want a day , They need to learn how to make them Right there. Using elements of the environment of this world. With this in mind, NASA engineers have imagined Tuesday Oxygen in-situ resource utility test. A The size of a car battery is affectionately known as the Moxy, which is diligently carried to the Red Planet by the rover.
This Tuesday, April 20, it was tested for the first time. With success. Moxie replaces the oxygen (O) part of the thin layer, A Carbon dioxide (CO2). He produced about five grams – enough to allow an astronaut to breathe for 10 minutes.
« Moxie still has work to do, but the results of this technological demonstration have great promise as we one day move toward our goal of seeing humans on Mars. ”, Said Jim Reuters, co-executive with the Directorate of Space Technology Services at NASA . “Oxygen is not just what we breathe. Our impulses Depending on the oxygen, future researchers will return home depending on the production of oxygen on Mars. “
Before proceeding, let us look at some statistics. NASA says a rocket will need 25 tons of oxygen and seven tons of fuel to return to Earth to launch from Mars. To produce that much oxygen, you need a ton of moxie. One is attached to the front right Weighing less than 20 kg. But it should be noted that for a whole year spent on Mars, a human colonist would consume only a ton of oxygen.
Another big first: converting CO2 to oxygen on Mars. Leaving the land with what is already here, my MOXIE tool has shown that this can be done!
Future researchers need to produce oxygen for rocket fuel and to breathe on the Red Planet. https://t.co/9sjZT9KeOR
– NASA’s Perseverance Mars Rover (ASNASAPersevere) April 21, 2021
Oxygen production cycles have not yet arrived
Remember that processAtoms occur at a temperature of about 800 C. So Moxie was designed accordingly. From parts Nickel, which heats and cools the gases passing through them, a This helps to retain the heat and the thin layer of gold, which prevents external radiation, thus damaging other areas of diligence.
Now that the first test has been successfully completed, production runs will continue as follows. The first stage will be used to check and classify the functionality of the tool. The second stage involves operating the instrument in different atmospheric conditions, i.e. at different times of the day and different seasons. In the third stage, the engineers count “Push limits” For example by trying new operating modes.
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