Will China become the third country to land safely on the surface of Mars after the former Soviet Union and the United States? The answer tonight with the arrival of the Red Planet of the rover of the Tianwen-1 mission.
If all goes as planned, TheJurong is expected to enter Start its landing on Mars and Friday evening at 23 hours 11 minutes ( ) in Mars. More precisely in the southern partUtopia Planitia, The Chinese space agency has not yet released the coordinates. This part One of the most difficult places to land on Mars. For registration, inquire From Landed in the north in 1976Utopia Planitia.
Less difficult is not easier
The Jurong Rover will face the famous seven-minute ordeal needed to land on Mars. By selecting part ofUtopia Planitia, The people in charge of the task were given every opportunity to succeed in getting down to safety. This area is low in altitude, which gives enough time to brake for inspection, and this southern partUtopia Planitia Large areas are very flat and only a few hills are very hillyAnd large rocks. The destination landing ellipse is about 100 km long and about 20 km wide.
The Chinese Tianwen-1 probe, which is currently in orbit around the Red Planet, is preparing to land the Jurong Rover. © CGDN
Failure In 2016, the first European test , Underscores all the difficulties of landing on Mars. Currently, only Americans have successfully landed on Mars. The former Soviet Union succeeded in landing a lander on March 3, 1971, but communications were cut off 20 seconds after it landed.
Who was the first Chinese rover to land on Mars?
If on the Red Planet, NASA occupies the front of the media scene with its exploits, China should steal the show soon. In two or three weeks, or a few days, the Jurong rover is expected to land on Mars. He is currently under investigation for Tianwen-1, which is engaged in the task of finding the best place to land.
All eyes are the purpose of diligence and From NASA, let’s not forget that China is preparing to land on the Red Planet. In Orbiting the planet from February 10, the Jurong is preparing to land the rover on a date not yet announced, but it is expected to be from mid-May to early June. If all goes according to plan, China will become the second country after the United States to land a rover on Mars. Note that the former Soviet Union succeeded in landing a rover on the Red Planet in 1971, but the latter only ran for a few ten seconds (March 3).
For a safe landing in the southern part of Jurong RoverUtopia Planitia, Requires a detailed analysis of its landing site. In fact, you should know that unlike the Chinese space agency, NASA or ESA, there is no high-end card. Before its launch. The Tianwen-1 study is currently mapping the region to draw the most detailed maps. The goal is to find the most suitable place to land the rover safely in a flat environment where there are not too many large rocks and as much as possible.Of Mars. And so on Able to provide very detailed maps of NASA’s MRO (and its Hiris Camera) site, with a resolution of a few thousand centimeters
An ambitious rover
250 This rover American Rover Curiosity. This includes optical cameras, a radar to study the soil, a spectrometer, a And a meteorological station (temperature measurements, And you Especially). Will produce its four solar panels It is essential for its operation with a view to lasting more or less than 90 days. Data can also be transmitted by the Tianwen-1 orbiter or by probe From the European Space Agency if China so requested.Approximately larger than rovers And NASA’s opportunity but a quarter of curiosity and perseverance. Equipped with six motor wheels, which allow it to move like a crab, the Jurong can travel up to 200 meters per hour. It has six tools, including a camera Very similar
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